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1930s Austin's Monthly Magazine articles - John Bailey Shelton MBE

The complete collection of articles by John Bailey Shelton M.B.E.

as originally published in Austin's Monthly Magazine

from November 1832 to June 1939 -- Compiled and transcribed by R. W. Orland, 2005

I'm sincerely grateful to the Shelton family for their kind permission and encouragement to publish these works.

Contents

Display ALL articles

Article date:Subjects covered:

1932

NovemberGosford Gate
DecemberCo-op Site, West Orchard

1933

JanuaryWest Orchard, Bridge etc.
FebruaryBroadgate Excavations
MarchBroadgate Excavations
AprilBroadgate Excavations
MayBlack Bull Inn, Pepper Lane
JuneBlack Bull Inn
JulyCox Street - River Excavations
AugustCox Street - River Excavations
SeptemberCox Street - River Excavations
OctoberCox Street - River Excavations
NovemberCox Street - River Excavations
DecemberPark Side Excavations

1934

JanuaryPark Side Excavations
FebruaryBurges Excavations
MarchBenedictine Site Excavations
AprilBenedictine Site Excavations
MayBenedictine Site Excavations
JuneBenedictine Site Excavations
JulyCoventry Castle
AugustBenedictine Site, Palmer Lane Guest House
SeptemberBenedictine Site, Wooden Bridge
OctoberAntiquities Exhibition at the Drill Hall
NovemberWell Street Excavations
DecemberPriory Pool & Mills

1935

JanuaryPriory Pool & District
FebruaryNew Buildings, Tower Foundations
MarchCity Wall, Cook Street Gate, Plumb House
AprilPriory Tower
MayPriory Tower, Gulson Road, Round Tower, New Gate Foundations
JuneBroad Well, Burges Ford, Palmer Lane
JulyWhite Friars
AugustMeeting House, Smithford Street
SeptemberMeeting House, Smithford Street
OctoberMeeting House, Smithford Street, St. John's Hospital Excavations
NovemberSt. John's Hospital, Barracks Square, Black Bull Inn
DecemberBarracks Square, Black Bull Inn

1936

JanuaryBarracks Square, Black Bull Inn
FebruaryButcher Row
MarchButcher Row
AprilButcher Row
MayButcher Row
JuneOwen Owen's Site
JulyOwen Owen's Site
AugustOwen Owen's Site
SeptemberOwen Owen's Site
OctoberTrinity Street
NovemberTrinity Street
DecemberTrinity Street

1937

JanuaryBenedictine Museum
FebruaryPool Meadow to Priory Street
MarchPool Meadow to Priory Street
AprilPool Meadow to Priory Street Excavations
MayBull Ring, Pottery Kiln, Hippodrome
JuneHippodrome, Rex Cinema
JulyBablake Excavations
AugustCow Lane Site Excavations

1938

MayRex Site, Trinity Street
JulyBroadgate Excavations
SeptemberBablake Excavations, Co-op Site, West Orchard
OctoberTrinity Street, Bull Ring
NovemberSt. Mary's Cathedral Site, Bull Ring
DecemberSt. Mary's Cathedral Site, Bull Ring

1939

JanuaryPost Office Excavations
FebruarySt. Mary's Cathedral Site
MarchArt Gallery and Museum
AprilArt Gallery and Museum
MayArt Gallery and Museum
JuneBablake Excavations

November 1932

I. GOSFORD GATE EXCAVATIONS

Gosford Gate was without doubt the second gate to be built, the first being New Gate, protecting the London road. The White Friars, who established their Monastery 13 years before the first gate was built, kept the wall in repair from New Gate to Gosford Gate. The wall was 16-ft. high and 6-ft. wide to the bottom of Gulson Road, and on reaching the round tower at the end of Herbert's Row, was built 9-ft. wide. On excavating recently at Gosford Gate site, the foundations of St. George's Chapel were discovered. The chapel was built about 1400, and was the home of the Shearmen and Tailors. One piece of oak beam about 6-ft. long by 12-ins. wide was found at a depth of 14-ft. 6-ins., made with a peg hole, and morticed, to support an upright corner frame to prevent it sinking in the mud. Eight piles of oak, measuring 4-ft. 6-ins. to 6-ft., were found at the same depth, supporting the buttress of the Gate, also two beams, although sawn off, which once formed the support to the drawbridge. A number of stepping stones were found in the river bed, denoting the Gos (or Gorse) Ford. Under the other corner of the gate an oak tree measuring 2 feet across was dug in and is still there. The piles and beams had been used in some former building, possibly of a Saxon or Norman house, and although worm-eaten in some parts, are mostly in a sound condition, and can be seen in Mr. J. B. Shelton's yard, in Little Park Street. The river bed was thrown further back for 100 yards in 1860-62, and during excavations the old river bed and banks were found. In two places on the bank were ashes over which were pieces of Norman pottery and bones of animals which had been in the cooking. At a depth of 6 feet a very fine piece of the City wall was discovered with ashlar stones and plinth intact This wall has been covered over; to be revealed again at some future date. The Mill of the White Friars stood a little further on, and the piles which formed the sides of the dam have been dug out. A very fine photograph of the wall and oak piles in position has been taken. Quite a lot of 14th century pottery was discovered, also a steel punch for blacksmiths' use. This Gate was attacked by Edward 4th, who was kept out of the City, and again in 1644 fears were entertained, when men and women were fetched in haste, even on a Sunday, to dig trenches for protection for the Gate, and another stream was made at a distance from the Gate, where Dover Bridge later stood. Gosford Gate was taken down in 1765.

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